Mood Disorders are the most common illnesses among adults. they affect people’s function in work, socially and in different kind of way. Scientists believe that they are caused by an imbalance of chemicals within the brain and also by environmental influences. the most common illnesses are:
- Depression: also know as unipolar depression is when people lose their interest in their normal activities because they feel sad, discouraged, hopeless, their apetite change, they don´t sleep, have lack of concentration and have difficult to make decisions. this illness should be treat with medications and psychotherapy.
- Bipolar Disorder: know as manic- depression, is characterized by extreme mood swings, with period of normal behaviour. during this phase: people will be hyperactive, excessively elated and optimistic. it also should be treat with medication and therapy.
- Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): is similar to the major depression but occur during seasonal change. it has to be treat by light therapy using a full spectrum light box and medication prescribed by a physycian.
- Cyclothemia: is a mild form of bipolar disease, patients have shorts perios of emotionsl highs and lows interpersed with periods durind which his mood are stable.
- Postpartum Depression: is a kind of major depression that usually occurs to the women who have recently given birth. it is treated with medication and it may be disappears spontaneously by the time the baby is two.
Bibliography: Tytler, Carolyn. AN OVERVIEW OF MOOD DISORDERS. http://www.helium.com/items/1805394-mental-illnesses( June 28th, 2012).